Unit 4: Stage 6 Past Tense Polite Ending, ~었어요/았어요

Illustration 4 : 재미있었어요 vs. 좋았어요

재미있었어요

  • Stem
    • 재미있
  • Ending (past polite)
    • 었어요

았어요

  • Stem
  • Ending (past polite)
    • 았어요
 
man with a lit light bulb above his head
  • ~았어요 when the last vowel of the stem is either or .
  • ~었어요 in all other cases.
 

Table 1: ~었어요 or ~았어요

Dictionary
Form
Meaning
+ ~어요/아요
(Present polite)
+ ~었어요/았어요
(Past polite)
 
알다
to know
알아요
알았어요

 
많다
to be many/much
많아요
많았어요

 
작다
to be small or short
작아요
작았어요

 
좋다
to be good
좋아요
좋았어요

 
있다
to exist/to have
있어요
있었어요

 
먹다
to eat
먹어요
먹었어요

 
맛있다
to be tasty
맛있어요
맛있었어요

 
넓다
to be spacious
넓어요
넓었어요

 
재미있다
to be fun
재미있어요
재미있었어요

 
괜찮다
to be alright
괜찮아요
괜찮았어요

 

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