Unit 4: Stage 4 Particles: Review

Particles: Review

제임스:
제니 씨 가족
모두 몇 명이에요?


Topic particle : indicating a topic in a sentence, in this case meaning As for you, Jenny…

Subject particle : asking about new information, in this case, indicating that James does not know about Jenny's family.

 
제니:
네 명요.

 
 
제임스:
오빠 있어요?

 
 
제니:
아니오. 없어요.

 
 
제임스:
그럼, 언니 있어요?

Topic particle : marking a topic shift, in this case from 오빠 to 언니.
 
제니:
아니오. 언니
없어요.

Particle : indicating a continuation of information, in this case meaning Jenny does not have an 오빠, and, neither does she have an 언니.

 
 
남동생 한 명
있어요.


Particle : indicating the exclusivity of information, in this case indicating Jenny has one 남동생 only.

 
제임스:
가족 어디 계세요?

Subject particle : indicating new information and no comparison/ contrast at the discourse level.

 
제니:
부모님은
시카고 계세요.

Locative particle, : indicating static location that involves no action in the corresponding place.

 
 
남동생은 보스톤에서
공부해요.


Locative particle, 에서: indicating dynamic location, in this case the action of "studying."

 

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