Polite Ending: ~아요 or ~어요

예 (Example): 좋아요 vs. 있어요

~아요 vs. ~어요

좋|아요

  • Stem
  • Ending (polite)
    • 아요

있|어요

  • Stem
  • Ending (polite)
    • 어요

man with a lit lightbulb above his head

~아요 when the last vowel of the stem is either or. ~어요 in all other cases


 

Dictionary Form - Meaning

 

  • Stem
    • Polite Ending
    • Conjugated Form

알다 - to know

  • 알 [ㅇ + + ㄹ]
    • ~ 아요
    • 알아요

많다 - to be many/ much

  • 많 [ㅁ + + ㄶ]
    • ~ 아요
    • 많아요
 

작다 - to be small or short

  • 작 [ㅈ + + ㄱ]
    • ~ 아요
    • 작아요

괜찮다 - to be alright

  • 괜찮 [ㅊ + + ㄶ]
    • ~아요
    • 괜찮아요
 

좋다 - to be good

  • 좋 [ㅈ + + ㅎ]
    • ~ 아요
    • 좋아요

있다 - to exist

  • 있 [ㅇ + + ㅆ]
    • ~ 어요
    • 있어요
 

먹다 - to eat

  • 먹 [ㅁ + + ㄱ]
    • ~ 어요
    • 먹어요

맛있다- to be tasty

  • 맛있 [ㅇ + + ㅆ]
    • ~ 어요
    • 맛있어요
 

넓다 - to be spacious

  • 넓 [ㄴ + + ㄼ]
    • ~ 어요
    • 넓어요
 

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