Unit 3: Stage 5 Tensification

Body


soccer player standing in front of net

축구 

desk

책상 

 
restaurant

식당 

character listening to the radio

듣기

 
numbers and math signs

숫자

a United States 10 dollar bill

십불 

character pointing at another house and saying "Next door..."

옆집 


Tensification of ㄱ, ㄷ, ㅂ, ㅅ, and ㅈ
*[  ] indicates pronunciation
Word Preceeding syllable
With pat-ch'im sound
( [ㄱ], [ㄷ], or [ㅂ])
Following syllable
(Starting with ㄱ, ㄷ, ㅂ, ㅅ, or ㅈ)
Pronunciation
(Tensed)
축구 ㅊ + ㅜ +ㄱ ㄱ+ ㅜ [축꾸]
책상 ㅊ + ㅐ +ㄱ ㅅ+ ㅏ + ㅇ [책쌍]
식당 ㅅ + ㅣ +ㄱ ㄷ+ ㅏ + ㅇ [식땅]
듣기 ㄷ + ㅡ +ㄷ ㄱ+ ㅣ [듣끼]
숫자 ㅅ + ㅜ +ㅅ [ㄷ] ㅈ+ ㅏ [숟짜]
십불 ㅅ + ㅣ +ㅂ ㅂ+ ㅜ + ㄹ [십뿔]
옆집 ㅇ + ㅕ +ㅍ [ㅂ] ㅈ+ ㅣ + ㅂ [엽찝]

ㄱ, ㄷ, ㅂ, ㅅ, and ㅈ are tensed

man with a lit lightbulb above his head

  • when they follow a syllable with pat-ch'im sound [ㄱ], [ㄷ], or [ㅂ].
    1. [ㄱ] = [ㄲ]
    2. [ㄷ] = [ㄸ]
    3. [ㅂ] = [ㅃ]
    4. [ㅅ] = [ㅆ]
    5. [ㅈ] = [ㅉ]