Unit 3: Stage 5 Nasalization

Body


characters standing at the gate at an airport

국민

character listening to the radio

듣는다 

 
pair of dentures with an arrow pointing at the gums

잇몸 

character bowing and the words "Thank you!"

감사합니다


Nasalization of [ ㄱ ], [ ㄷ ], and [ ㅂ ]:

Nasalization of [ㄱ], [ㄷ], and [ㅂ]:
*[ ] indicates pronunciation
Word Preceding Syllable
With pat-ch'im sounds
[ㄱ], [ㄷ], or [ㅂ]
Following syllable
Starting with ㄴ or ㅁ
Pronunciation
(Nasalized)
국민 ㄱ + ㅜ + + ㅣ + ㄴ
듣는다 ㄷ + ㅡ + + ㅡ + ㄴ 는다
잇몸   ㅣ +[] + ㅗ + ㅁ
감사합니다 ㅎ + ㅏ + + ㅣ 감사니다

[ ㄱ ], [ ㄷ ], and [ ㅂ ] are nasalized

  • when they are followed by the nasal sounds [ ㄴ ] and [ ㅁ ]
    • [ ㄱ ] = [ ㅇ ]
    • [ ㄷ ] = [ ㄴ ]
    • [ ㅂ ] = [ ㅁ ]